Alan Needle


  • Bachelor of Science, Athletic Training, Boston University
  • Master of Science, Exercise Science / Sports Medicine, University of Delaware
  • Doctor of Philosophy, Biomechanics & Movement Science, University of Delaware

Teaching Specialties

  • Evaluation and treatment of athletic injuries and illnesses
  • Physiologic implications of injury
  • Utilizing evidence to guide clinical decision-making in sports medicine

Current Courses Being Taught

  • AT 3600 - Orthopedic Clinical Evaluation & Diagnosis I
  • AT3615 - Orthopedic Clinical Evaluation & Diagnosis II
  • AT4030 - Evidence-Based Practice in Athletic Training
  • AT4000 - Clinical Athletic Training Laboratory V

Professional Affiliations / Organizations

  • Member, National Athletic Trainers Association
  • Member, American College of Sports Medicine
  • Certified Athletic Trainer (ATC)
  • North Carolina Licensed Athletic Trainer (LAT)
  • Certified Strength & Conditioning Specialist (CSCS)

Research Interests

  • Neuromechanical implicatons of joint injuries
  • Impact of attention and cognition on joint stability
  • Central nervous system adaptations to training and rehabilitation
  • Data processing & analysis in exercise science & sports medicine

Selected Publications

  • Needle AR, Lepley AS, Grooms D. Evidence of Neurological Adaptation after Ligamentous Injury: A summary of assessment, findings, and clinical interpretation.  Sports Med. 2017. 47(7): 1271-1288.

  • Kim AS, Needle AR, Thomas SJ, Higginson CI, Kaminski TW, Swanik CB. A sex comparison of reactive knee stiffness under cognitive loads. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2016; 35: 86-92. 

  • Needle AR, Swanik CB, Baumeister J, Schubert M, Reinecke K, Higginson JS, Farquhar WB, Kaminski TW, Higginson JS. Decoupling of Laxity & Cortical Activation in Unstable Ankles during Ligamentous Loading. Eur J Appl Phys. 2014; 114:2129-2138.

  • Needle AR, Baumeister J, Kaminski TW, Farquhar WB, Higginson JS, Swanik CB. Neuromechanical coupling in the regulation of muscle tone and joint stiffness. Scand J Med Sci Sport. 2014; 24 (5): 737-748.

  • Needle AR, Palmer JA, Kesar TM, Binder-McLeod SA, Swanik CB. Brain regulation of muscle tone in healthy and functionally unstable ankles. J Sport Rehab. 2013; 22(3):202-11.

My NCBI Bibliography

ResearchGate Profile

Title: Assistant Professor, Ph.D., Biomechanics and Movement Science, Injury Laboratory Director, Graduate Faculty

Email address: Email me

Phone: (828) 262-4039

Fax: (828) 262-3138

Office address
Leon Levine Hall 422